◤ Frequently Asked Question ◢
How to prevent various "diseases" during travel
Eating and listening to music can prevent motion sickness
Due to current travel by car, many citizens may experience motion sickness, which can lead to mental distress. Zhang Jinshe, the chief physician of the Department of Neurology at Weinan Central Hospital, introduced that people who are prone to motion sickness can eat something before taking a car, which will alleviate hunger and alleviate symptoms; Anti dizziness medication can be taken one hour before taking the bus; During the driving process of the car, you can listen to radio, music, or chat with peers to divert your attention; If the time is slightly longer, you should close your eyes and rest for a period of time. If it really doesn't work, you can get off the car and rest for a while. Even motion sickness and vomiting are normal phenomena and do not require medical treatment.
Do not touch flowers and plants casually
It is inevitable to come into contact with various flowers and plants when playing in the wilderness or scenic areas, and many citizens will suffer from urticaria, commonly known as rubella. Ma Zhugao, deputy chairman of Weinan dermatology Society and deputy chief physician of dermatology Department of Weinan Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, introduced that antihistamines were used to treat urticaria, and drugs to reduce Vascular permeability of the skin and large doses of vitamin C were used, while corticosteroids should be added to patients with severe urticaria such as vascular edema.
Don't eat vegetables raw to avoid diarrhea
Traveling diarrhea is a common disease during travel, how to prevent it before it happens? Ren Daixian, the deputy chief physician of the Department of Gastroenterology at Weinan Central Hospital, suggested drinking more water during the journey; Eat less dairy products and avoid raw vegetables, seafood, and meat; You can bring alcohol cotton balls or wet tissues to wipe your hands clean when you are unable to wash your hands. When hungry, do not buy food at roadside stalls, but eat at restaurants with hygiene guarantees. On the journey, it is best not to try tempting unfamiliar food to avoid adverse consequences.
Carry a small medicine box with you
It is inevitable for citizens to encounter unexpected situations while playing, so it is advisable to bring a small emergency kit when traveling. Zhao Runnian, Deputy Chief and Deputy Chief Pharmacist of the Pharmacy Department of the Central Hospital, has designed a "medicine box menu" for the general public: commonly used medicines such as cold medicine, motion sickness medicine, antidiarrheal, hemostatic, antipyretic and analgesic drugs, eye drops, etc. can be prepared inside, as well as some disinfectant, gauze, adhesive tape, thermometer, scissors, tweezers, pins, plastic gloves, etc. In addition, standard plastic bags should be carried with you to store medical waste and abandoned items.
Don't drive after taking medication
The so-called 'medication driving' refers to driving after taking medication. Zhao Runnian warned citizens traveling by car that many medications have the side effect of drowsiness, such as some cold medicines, sedatives, etc., which can lead to drowsiness or dizziness. If "car owners" who travel take these medications after falling ill may affect the driver's judgment and easily cause traffic accidents. Citizens on self driving tours should carefully read the instructions and follow medical advice before taking medication. They should not drive after taking medication to avoid tragedy.
Pay attention to keeping warm during winter outdoor tourism
Nowadays, winter tourism is becoming increasingly fashionable. But if you don't pay attention to weather changes, especially the impact of cold weather on the human body, you may be affected by certain diseases during the journey. Among tourists, some travel from the south to the north, some have more outdoor activities, and some are elderly and physically weak. These people especially need to be protected from cold and freezing.
In winter, when traveling outdoors, exposed parts or peripheral parts of the human body, such as fingers, toes, ears, and cheeks, may experience redness and abnormal sensations on the skin due to prolonged exposure to cold and humidity. In severe cases, it can develop into blisters and ulcers. If you stay in a cold environment for too long, not only will skin damage occur, but it may also cause systemic diseases. In a cold environment, the incidence rate of heart disease, stroke, influenza, chilblain, arthritis and other diseases will increase significantly. In winter tourism, weather with low temperature and humidity, high pressure, and high wind speeds is common. Data shows that sudden drops in temperature or sudden exposure to cold environments often trigger coronary heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. When the temperature drops from above zero to below zero, the number of colds will suddenly increase in the short term, including many young people. Tracheitis target=_ Blank> Chronic bronchitis may also recur in cold and dry climates.
To prevent frostbite, it is important to pay attention to the warmth of clothing. The outer layer of clothing should have wind resistance, and can be made of woolen, fur, or leather; A relatively non flowing air layer can be formed inside a down jacket, which has good warmth retention and is suitable for winter tourism. Underwear should be soft, hygroscopic, and breathable to facilitate moisture retention and dryness. To minimize skin exposure, it is necessary to exercise or massage frequently in areas prone to frostbite.
To travel in winter without being harmed by cold weather, it is essential to enhance one's own cold prevention ability. Adjusting diet and increasing body metabolism is an effective way to improve the body's ability to produce heat. In fact, in order to maintain body temperature in cold environments, the human body must increase metabolism. In addition, tourism requires a lot of physical energy consumption, and only by increasing the intake of nutrients can the human body meet its needs. In the diet of winter tourists, the intake of three major nutrients, protein, carbohydrates, and fat, as well as minerals and vitamins, should exceed normal levels. It is not advisable to overly emphasize the restriction of fat and carbohydrate intake as usual. Lean meat, eggs, fresh fish, soy products, and animal liver are very beneficial for supplementing human calories, and can be consumed in moderation. In addition, the misconception of drinking and heating should be corrected. Alcohol and water cannot produce heat. On the contrary, alcohol can stimulate blood vessels on the surface of the body, increase blood circulation on the surface, and make people feel "hot". In fact, the human body is losing heat.
People suffering from coronary heart disease, arteriosclerosis, hypertension, and chronic bronchitis should not travel in the cold winter season due to health factors. When encountering adverse weather such as strong winds, fog, and snow, weak individuals should not travel, otherwise the benefits outweigh the losses.
How to take care of and prevent allergies after flower appreciation in spring
Fireworks in March are eye-catching, and it's time to enjoy the flowers once a year. At this moment, inviting three or two friends to stroll through the fields, immerse themselves in the sea of flowers, or come to the farm orchard to appreciate the competing peach and rapeseed flowers is truly a beautiful thing in life.
Spring Flower Appreciation, Beware of Allergic Skin Diseases
Entering spring, as the temperature rises, various flowers bloom in the city and surrounding areas, including peach blossoms, pear blossoms, and many unknown flowers, attracting many people to go out for outings and admire flowers. However, although flowers are beautiful, one should also be careful of pollen allergies. Spring is a high incidence season for allergic skin diseases, and recently there has been a gradual increase in patients with allergies and skin diseases in hospitals. According to Lei Shuying, the director of the department, with flowers blooming and willow catkins flying, the season of severe allergies has arrived. In spring, allergic dermatitis is more common. It is recommended that individuals with a history of allergies or susceptible populations avoid allergens as much as possible during this season.
Individuals with allergic constitution should avoid allergens
In spring, pollen and willow catkins fly, not only the skin is affected, but people with allergic rhinitis are also affected, sneezing, runny nose, and suffering unbearably. People with allergies should stay away from pollen during this blooming season. Although the flowers on the roadside are brightly colored and particularly beautiful, it is still advisable not to touch them and try to stay away from them.
For some citizens with skin diseases such as allergic dermatitis and urticaria, they should go to the hospital for allergen testing in a timely manner to identify the allergen in order to avoid contact with it and prevent recurrent skin diseases. You can wear a hat, glasses, and mask when going out. For those with allergies, try to avoid contact with pollen and willow catkins as much as possible. At night, close the bedroom window to prevent flying catkins and pollen from floating into the room at night, avoid skin diseases, and strengthen physical exercise to enhance your physique.
How to take care of and prevent allergies after admiring flowers
Avoiding contact with pollen during the pollen dispersal season is an ideal prevention method. Try to stay outdoors as little as possible during the day, especially during times of high pollen index, such as sunny evenings. When engaging in outdoor activities and various sports. Try to choose the time when the pollen index is the lowest and choose the appropriate time to exercise to improve the body's resistance.
When going out and playing, it's good to wear masks, hats, sunglasses, and long sleeved shirts in areas with lush flowers and plants to avoid contact and inhalation of pollen. If you go out when the pollen concentration is high, take a shower after returning home, rinse off any pollen that has fallen on your skin, and change into clean clothes.
Avoid opening windows during periods of high pollen concentration in the air. Air conditioners can install pollen filters or use air filtration equipment; Avoid using carpets, remove mats and other items that are prone to dust accumulation, and maintain indoor cleanliness.
Eat more fruits and vegetables in your diet to increase your vitamin intake. Avoid consuming foods that may contain pollen grains such as wild vegetables and honey, and also avoid consuming spicy and stimulating foods to worsen allergic symptoms.
How to maintain health for the elderly when traveling
When we were young, we used to say that when we got old, we would go out for tourism. Nowadays, many elderly people like to travel. However, elderly people traveling is still quite dangerous, and it is important to take good care of themselves during the travel process.
How to maintain health for the elderly during tourism
1. Elderly people are prone to fatigue and difficult to recover, and it is important to have sufficient rest and sleep during travel. If you feel physically exhausted, you can rest for a few days or stop traveling. When walking for a long time, one should always sit down and take a nap.
2. The elderly's thermoregulation function is poor, and they are easy to catch cold, so they should take enough clothes to increase or decrease at any time. When walking and sweating, do not immediately undress and open your mind. In areas with a large temperature difference between day and night, a blanket should be covered before going to bed, and doors and windows should be closed when the wind and rain start at night.
3. The elderly's gastrointestinal function is weakened, and if they are not accustomed to water and soil, it is easy to cause digestive disorders. Therefore, it is advisable to have a light diet, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, eat less greasy and spicy raw and cold food, and preferably drink less or no alcohol.
4. Elderly people have poor control over their own balance, often unstable walking, and are prone to falling and tripping. Except for a few who have good physical fitness, generally speaking, they should try not to climb mountains or engage in activities that consume excessive physical energy.
5. Elderly people should pay attention to and take good care of their feet when traveling, such as wearing soft and fitting shoes, scalding their feet with hot water at night, and self massaging their leg muscles and soles. This can make you feel particularly relaxed during travel, whether walking or hiking.