1.Preparedness and awareness of severe weather
As mentioned above,people engaged in field activities should learn about weather in order to understand the characteristics of field weather and why it changes.In this way,we can learn to observe the weather which is necessary and helpful in practical activities,as well as the method of drawing and judging weather maps.
Weather observation is a method of trying to predict future weather by observing the luminosity of the stars,sun and moon,or the shape and movement of clouds.Since ancient times,people who work in the field,such as fishermen and woodcutters,have acquired weather forecasting methods from practical experience,and many of them have sufficient scientific basis.
Some meteorologists are able to predict the weather of the next day simply by the shape and movement of clouds.The first step in field meteorology is to look at the sky and look at the clouds.Looking at the sky and the atmosphere is very useful for weather prediction.For details,please refer to the relevant books.
Second,if possible,learn to draw weather maps correctly for radio meteorological observations.Recently,due to the development of observation instruments,it has been possible to obtain quite accurate and abundant meteorological data.Weather maps and national weather conditions are broadcast to the public in the weather report broadcast at a fixed time every day.Recently,alpine weather maps have also been widely used.
Weather maps are often thought to be difficult,but once you get started,they are as easy as pie.May wish to buy weather map paper,first practice drawing weather map.If you learn to look at the sky,you will be able to use weather maps more effectively in the field.
So,in case of bad weather,you should prepare the following things before you set out:First of all,you must not lack a radio to know the weather and weather chart paper.Radios should be small,light and capable of listening to shortwave broadcasts.So you can listen to the morning weather report.At the same time,do not forget to bring spare dry batteries.
In addition,in the event of severe weather conditions,be prepared with adequate equipment,food,rain gear,windproof jackets,sweaters,gloves,etc.It goes without saying that spare shirts,pants,etc.,should also be carried in plastic bags to avoid getting wet.If you have some spare time,you might as well bring your tent with you,so that it can be used in an emergency.In terms of food,individuals should pay attention to carrying dry food.And easy to swallow,easy to digest and high calorie characteristics as the main selection criteria,a eat immediately into the heat of food is preferred,such as:lamb soup,condensed milk,chocolate,etc.
2.What to do first in case of inclement weather
Precautionary measures should be taken as soon as possible in the event of severe weather.Due to the vagaries of the weather in the wild,in order to protect the wet body from strong winds,etc.,precautions such as wearing a raincoat should be taken before the weather deteriorates.If bad weather is expected,put on your underpants first.Prepare replace collection of clothing must be appropriate,and check again,avoid wet,otherwise,once meet weather deterioration,prepare again,may be too late,because once the body all wet,not only the physical consumption is inevitable,thus increased the difficulty of change clothes,and,in the high winds and heavy snow change clothes,even harder to almost impossible.
Eat before the weather worsens in the wild.In bad weather,there is not enough time to eat slowly,and food may not be available for a long time.
Regarding the movement of the whole team,you should confirm the scheduled itinerary first.Check if there are any changes to the route,the rest place of the next stop,the location of the camping area,etc.Also,the status of individual team members,whether there are any left behind,and whether the baggage distribution can be maintained as it is and does not need to be adjusted,should also be reviewed.And the most important thing is that we all act in concert.In bad weather,the line can easily break up and become difficult to command.As a result,very dangerous situations can sometimes be created.
3.Conditions for continuing operations in inclement weather
The decision depends on the severity of the weather and the ability of the team to cope.If the crew members can still make it to their destination,if the weather is not inoperable,and if they are adequately equipped to deal with the weather,they may proceed as planned.
However,it is important to be aware of the possible effects of adverse weather conditions,such as the tendency of rock walls to slide under moisture and the difficulty of discerning the route due to poor visibility,which can make the timetable difficult to control.Moreover,the fatigue felt by each team member will be more intense than usual at this time,so we should carefully consider the above situation before taking action.During the operation,the leader of the group should really grasp the command,play the spirit of coordination and cooperation,and march bravely toward the destination.
Even if a member of the team is in a poor condition,act at the same pace as that person,taking into account that person's condition.Assign other persons to assist if their baggage load is reduced so that they can move in concert with other members of the team.Or take a break and wait for the weather to improve.In short,do not be forced to act.Because reluctant action during inclement weather can often have disastrous consequences.
4.How do you decide whether to go camping
In fairly inclement weather where the team is exhausted,camping should be considered.After being hit by inclement weather,I decided to sleep in the open temporarily.It was difficult to find a place and to prepare for it.Therefore,the decision to sleep outside must be made as soon as possible before any deterioration in the weather is noticed.The methods of rough sleeping have already been described.It is advisable to avoid rough sleeping as far as possible.In contrast,as soon as possible to enter the nearby dwellings,such as more safe and reliable.
The above has described the mental preparation and advice for severe weather,but the most important thing is to make a thorough plan.As described in the previous chapter,the adaptation to weather change should also be included in the planning schedule.So,in case of bad weather,you don't have to move.You just lie in your tent or hut and wait for the weather to clear up.Of course,working-class men engaged in field activities often acted rashly,with limited schedules,and were likely to encounter danger as a result.So instead of appearing in the papers and making the news,why not take a day off later?Cherishing life is always right.