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Protect Angkor Wat

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Angkor Wat,also called Angkor Wat,is located in Cambodia.The original name was Vrah Vishnulok,which means"temple of Vishnu".In ancient Chinese books,it is called"Sangxiang Foshe".It is the best-preserved temple in Angkor,renowned for its architectural grandeur and detailed relief,and is also the largest temple in the world.In the 12th century,the king of Angkor,Suryavarman II,wanted to build a grand cave temple on the flat ground to serve as the capital and temple of the Angkor empire.So the whole country was involved and it took about 35 years to build.
In 1992,according to the cultural heritage selection criteria C(Ⅰ)(Ⅲ)(Ⅳ)the United Nations will angkor monuments on world cultural heritage,then Angkor Wat,as the pinnacle of angkor monuments,became the Cambodian tourist resort.From less than 10,000 visitors in 1993 to two million in 2007,Angkor Wat has become a tourist attraction.For more than a century,countries around the world have invested a lot of money in the maintenance of Angkor Wat to protect this world heritage site.The image of Angkor Wat has become a national symbol of Cambodia,displayed on the national flag of Cambodia.
In 1907,Siem Reap,Battambang and other provinces were returned to Cambodia.In 1908,the French Institute for the Far East began the meticulous restoration of Angkor Wat and a large number of Angkor monuments,which lasted for decades.Angkor Wat's 190-meter-wide moat acts as a barrier against the siege of the forest,and thus Angkor Wat remains more intact than any other Angkor monument.However,there are still a lot of mixed trees.Some roots are deeply planted in the cracks of the red earth bricks of some buildings,gradually widening the cracks,and finally pushing the red earth bricks down,causing the building to collapse.The restoration involves removing weeds,trees,soil and termites,stabilizing the foundations and supporting the crumbling structures,and then applying the analytical reconstruction techniques developed by archaeologists in Athens,Greece,and Indonesia and Java to the Angkor site.The clearance of Angkor Wat was completed in 1911.
In the 1930s,the analytical reconstruction of Angkor Wat was started.The analytical reconstruction method requires that the original materials of the site must be used to restore the site according to the original ancient construction method,and only in the absence of the original material can the proper use of substitutes be allowed.The work was halted in the 1960s due to political turmoil in Cambodia and resumed in the 1990s.Angkor Wat became a Mahayana Buddhist temple in the mid-14th century,after the thirteenth-century King Jayavarman VII adopted Mahayana Buddhism as the state religion.After the Siamese invaded Angkor in the early 15th century,the temple became an appal Buddhist temple because Siamese believed in Theravada Buddhism.Since then,Angkor Wat has been a Theravada Buddhist temple,which continues to this day.
In 1992,the United Nations Educational,Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO)put Angkor on the World Heritage List,but also put it on the list of World Cultural Heritage in Danger.It also called on all countries to contribute to the protection of Angkor and encouraged the Cambodian government to protect the site.Since 1993,the protection of Angkor Wat has been renewed around the world.The German Flying Nymphs Conservation Project(GACP)is working to protect the Flying Nymphs and other relief decorations at Angkor Wat from damage.The group's investigation found that about 20 percent of the statues were in poor condition,mainly because of natural erosion and weathering of the rocks,but also because some had been poorly protected.The repair work also includes other items such as repairing the collapse of the structure and preventing further collapse;Since 2002,for example,the western facade of the upper perimeter has been supported by scaffolding.Meanwhile,in 2005,a Japanese team completed the restoration of the North Sutra Pavilion in the surrounding corridor.
In 1993,when a year later to become the world's cultural heritage,Angkor Wat,only a few are more than seven thousand visitors,Angkor Wat,today has become a tourist destination,attendance figures are not released,but according to Cambodia tourism data,Cambodia in 2004 the country for more than 1 million foreign visitors,57%of them plan to visit angkor temple.So far,apart from some graffiti,the influx of tourists has caused little damage.The large reliefs in the temple have also been protected with ropes and the floor is covered with wooden boards.While most of the maintenance work is carried out by teams sponsored by foreign governments,rather than by Cambodian authorities,the tourism industry provides some additional funding for the work,with about 28 percent of Angkor Wat's total entrance ticket revenue going to the temple.
After the world sites maintenance experts,including the state administration of cultural heritage of the People's Republic of China sent to Cambodia's historic site maintenance of ten years efforts,the original is the week restored temple ruins,the United Nations education,scientific and cultural organization decided in July 4,2004,angkor monuments from endangered world cultural heritage list.Repair work on Angkor monuments,including Angkor Wat,continues.