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The ruins of Hanyuan Hall

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Hanyuan Palace is the first palace from the south of the central axis of Daming Palace.It is the first of the three main halls before the imperial court,with magnificent rules and lofty status,which is equivalent to the Hall of Supreme Harmony of the Imperial Palace in Beijing.
Hanyuan Hall was built in the third year of Longshuo Gaozong in the Tang Dynasty(663).Since its completion,it has become the main landmark building of Chang'an,the capital of the Tang Dynasty.It is well known at that time and later generations.As for the name of Hanyuan Hall,Li Hua,a Tang Dynasty scholar,said in his Ode to Hanyuan Hall,"Hanyuan built its name.According to the theory of the universe in the Book of Changes,it is said that Hanyuan is great,and Henry Yuan is pure.It shows that the word Hanyuan originated from the Book of Changes.During the reign of Wu Zetian,it was changed into"Daming Hall",which unified the name of the hall with the name of the palace.It was not until Emperor Zhongzong ascended the throne that the old name was restored.
Hanyuan Hall sits on a triple platform with a 3.5-meter-high base,77 meters long from east to west and 43 meters wide from north to south.On both sides of the east and west,there are Xiang Luan,Qi Feng two pavilions and Longwei Road for ministers to ascend the temple.There is a flying corridor between the temple and the pavilion,the two pavilions are arranged in the north and south of the hall,lung stone and den wen drum,bell and drum tower,around the Jin Wu staff courtyard.From the front of the palace to the Danfeng Gate,there are squares and special roads for the emperor to enter and exit the palace.This building group constituted the grand and solemn area of the Daming Palace,which was the symbol of the imperial power and the national symbol of the Tang Dynasty.
Hanyuan Hall as a place for the outside,mainly used for the first day,the winter solstice big ceremony,and some special activities.The Yuan Ri Great Trip in the Tang Dynasty originated from the tributary system in ancient times,which was a kind of ritual to regulate the relationship between the central and local,supranational and vassal states by means of tribute and pilgrimage,while the tributary paid by Japan,India and other distant countries was of the significance of friendly exchanges and cultural exchanges.In the Tang Dynasty,the Winter Solstice pilgrimage began in the 8th year of Kaiyuan Dynasty and was carried out in the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty.Since then,the emperors made the Winter Solstice pilgrimage in accordance with the Yuan Dynasty pilgrimage in terms of the scale of the ceremony.Every chaohui day,Hanyuan Hall scene warm,the crown prince,Wenwubaiguan,local chaoji make respectively to the emperor to congratulate the New Year;There were also foreign envoys or chiefs from at least a few states or as many as ten states,speaking different languages and wearing different costumes,marching up the Hanyuan Hall to worship in turn.Every time at this time,Hanyuan Hall has become a great stage for all ethnic regimes to carry out diplomatic and cultural exchanges.According to Japanese historical records,there was a Japanese envoy to the Tang Dynasty who protested against his inferior position to Silla(now the Korean Peninsula),and Xuanzong was authorized to assign Japanese ambassadors to the first position in the East Line and the second position in the West Line,leaving a legend for the ages.
Of the temple of the tang dynasty poet was often contain yuan grand momentum and great will be the grand scene shocked,left many咏颂chapters contain yuan temple,such as wang wei's"open palace nine days ChangHe,universal clothes a turban",Cui Li of"containing thousands of officer at length to the nations worship yuan",Zhang Hu ganjitsu battle poem:"age of civil-military thousand officer battle,Wan Fangtong rail outward.The emperor of the Royal Hall of Hanyuan,Danfeng door open daylight."In addition,Li Hua wrote the Ode to Hanyuan Palace,which contains three thousand words and extol the splendor of Hanyuan Palace and even Daming Palace.
Unfortunately,to the end of the Tang Dynasty,the world was in chaos,the smoke of war everywhere,Daming Palace suffered many times Huang Chao,Zhu Mei and other warlords war damage,Hanyuan Palace was also eventually destroyed in the military disaster,surviving for more than 220 years.
The present site of Hanyuan Hall is located in the north of East Ziqiang Road in the northeast of Xi'an City.After the collapse of the Tang Dynasty,historians and geographers visited it in person.At the beginning of the last century,a Japanese man named Adachi Kiku took the first panoramic picture of the Hanyuan Hall ruins.
The archaeological excavations since the liberation show that the overall preservation of the Hanyuan Palace site is basically complete,including the rammed earth base of the main hall,the rammed earth base of Qifeng Pavilion and Xiangluan Pavilion,and some damaged building components.Hanyuan Temple site according to the southern edge of the Longshou tableland and built,the temple base is more than 15 meters high,located in the city,the prospect is broad.The main body of the hall is 11 wide from east to west,75.9 meters,4 deep from north to south,42.4 meters,3.5 meters high.Covering an area of 3,210 square meters,it is similar to the Hall of Supreme Harmony in the Forbidden City in Beijing.Around the temple is about 5 meters wide"jade step"three levels,built the highest level of double eaves hip roof,left and right outside the east-west corridor,and Xiang Luan,Qi Feng two pavilion connected.This two pavilion for the three baryon mother que form,below the tall brick pier.Due to serious damage,only about 28 meters of slope road remains,the original Longwei Road site.Hanyuan Hall,with a total width of about 200 meters,including the two pavements,is a magnificent building that can best reflect the verve of the Tang Dynasty and fully reflect the architectural art level of the Tang Dynasty.
From 1998 to 2003,UNESCO,China and Japan carried out a project to protect the site of Hanyuan Hall,forming the foundation of the Hanyuan Hall site that visitors can see now.