Original title: Fanny ancient road through thousands of years
The first Fanny road map in modern China by robuc ciren
The hand-drawn topographic map of Jichong (Jilong) in Qing Dynasty is provided by Luo Bu Ciren
Located on the cliff in the north of Jilong County, Xigaze City, Xizang Province, is the inscription of Emperor Zhu of Tang Dynasty in the third year of Xianqing (AD 658). This paper describes the process of Wang Xuance, an envoy of the Tang Dynasty, passing through Jilong on his way to Tianzhu (today's India). Photo by Robu Ciren
"Tang Dynasty Tianzhu envoy inscription" local tablet for the map of Luo Buciren
Wipe dust in one thousand,through the jilong xian in xigaze of Tibet"datang tianzhu make inscription"faint inscriptions,a extraordinary diplomat,datang troublesome Wang Xuance"four make tianzhu"(said three times)as historical stories,with ancient horses and float in the sky of dust gradually from far and near,is revealed to us a culture and trade exchange ancient path-"sweet"gu"was brilliant.It is recorded that during the Tang Dynasty,the Tubo Dynasty had the Tangbo Ancient Road to the northwest and the Central Plains,the Tea and Horse Ancient Road to the Sichuan-Yunnan region,and the Fanbo Ancient Road to the south.The three ancient roads made Tibet an important route for the ancient Silk Road.
Wang Xuance and his contemporaries on the ancient Silk Road,Tang Xuan Zang and Princess Wencheng,were the emissaries of civilization and culture,as well as the dispersers and promoters of the excellent culture of the Chinese nation.They left a large number of silk relics and their corresponding historical and cultural relics on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.In recent Tibetan cultural resources associated with the"area"mining carding work symposium,combined with years of research,experts and scholars think the rich cultural resources is not only important witness in Tibet,as an essential part of the ancient silk road,for the country"in"the research of the historical and cultural resources to provide a large amount of valuable academic basis,also actively for Tibet"area"construction,the construction for south open important channel,develop the characteristic culture industry provides a huge space for development and historic opportunity.
Engraved in the"Tang Dynasty Tianzhu envoy inscription"on the brilliant history of the tablet
"I heard that the village was going to blow up a'sacred stone'carved with Chinese characters to build a canal."Archaeologically in the remote Tibetan area,Huo Wei immediately realized that the stone must be unusual.Time back in May 1990,as a beginning from 1984 Tibetan part of large-scale cultural relics census,a team of professional HuoWei archaeological history department of sichuan university,Li Yongxian and cultural relic management committee of the Tibet autonomous region of nima,Zhang Huiqing cultural relics census,along the rough road peak under the bush Xia Bangma travel-stained came to Kuala Lumpur county.
According to the clue provided by Zongga township,the archaeologists drove out of the county the next day,drove four or five kilometers north into a relatively wide valley,and found the legendary"sacred stone"on a cliff 4,230 meters above sea level in the northwest.When washing the shortening on the rock surface,the stone wall revealed a line of incomplete vertical writing,and accurately read out the"Tang Tianzhu Ming"7 left book characters.After archaeologists repeatedly study the stone inscriptions,they call this tablet"the inscription of the emperor emperor of the Tang Dynasty".Surprisingly,this tablet is 160 years earlier than the world-famous"the tablet of the Tang Dynasty alliance".
The inscription has a total of 24 lines and about 311 words.Due to severe weathering and erosion over the years,many of the words are not clear anymore.In addition,the construction of water channels in the village and the blasting of mountains and rocks caused different degrees of damage to the words of the inscription,and the inscription can no longer be coherent into the text.However,from the inscription and the title of"three years of Xianqing in Tang Dynasty"in the article,it is a party inscription in the third year of Xianqing in Tang Dynasty(AD 658).The article describes the process of the envoys of Tang Dynasty traveling thousands of miles to ancient TianZhu(today's India)when they passed the Jilong mountain pass,expressing their feelings and writing down the story.
In June of the third year of the reign of Emperor Taizong,Emperor Gaozong inherited the great achievements created by Emperor Taizong and unified the world.Enlightened,reached the four seas.So long sent envoys ZuoXiaoWei make Wang Xuance choose inside shanhaiguan pass good son of several people,after more than a year of hard driving,the snow-capped mountains,the plank road,the lamb with the west to tianzhu,because the journey more difficult,the feeling of the splendid scenery,along the border to the eastern han dynasty to break the huns in the records of the sunset,still engraved schleswig,ji han weed,and this action times,even when the building stone inscription inscription,with qualities.
The discovery of the tablet made the historical figure Wang Xuance and the ancient Fanny road rise to the surface gradually from the long history of silence for thousands of years.
Wang Xuance,an Unusual Diplomat of the Tang Dynasty
In the spring of the seventeenth year of Zhenguan(AD 643),winter jasmine blossoms blossomed in Chang'an City of Tang Dynasty.A middle-aged man was packing up his clothes,including light clothes and a long jacket to keep out the cold.Wang Xuance,as the county magistrate of Rongzhou Huangshui,as the deputy envoy,and Li Yibiao,the defense officer on the Wei Temple Cheng,were ordered to escort the envoy of King JieRi back to China.At the moment,Wang Xuance did not know that this and several subsequent diplomatic missions to Tianzhu via Tubo were of great significance.These diplomatic activities pushed the cultural exchanges between the Tang Dynasty and the countries of Tianzhu to a new height.
Wang Xuance's legendary experience is reflected in his several diplomatic missions to India,showing outstanding spirit of responsibility and diplomatic talent,and won the honor for the Tang Dynasty.
Wang Xuance's second diplomatic mission to India was not recorded in detail in the history of Tang Dynasty.Professor Lu Qingfu,an expert of Dunhuang Studies and College of History and Culture of Lanzhou University,speculated that Wang Xuance's delegation set out from Chang'an in the twenty-first year of Zhenguan(647 AD)according to literature.As the general envoy,Wang Xuance led Jiang Shiren and other thirty deputy emissaries to India.Unexpectedly,at this time,the king of Jiri,who had made good relations with Tang,was dead.As soon as he arrived in Central India,Wang Xuance and his party were attacked by Aronashun,who established himself as the king.Wang Xuance and his delegation were captured.However,Wang Xuance was very clever.He took advantage of the night to escape and traveled day and night to the western border of the Tubo.In the name of the Tang Empire and its marriage country,the Tubo,he conscripted the troops of the Nipora(Nepal)country.With the support of seven thousand troops from the napa and twelve hundred elite troops from the tubo,they routed the Chinese and Indian armies and captured aronashun and his family.In this diplomatic event,Wang Xuance made a quick decision with courage and wisdom.Unfortunately,his deeds and reputation were not significant during the Zhenguan period when famous generals and important officials were numerous.Neither the new nor the old Book of Tang was handed down.
In the second year of Xianqing(AD 657),Wang Xuance went to India for the third time.Lu Qingfu and Sun Xiushen,an expert of Dunhuang Studies,believed that Wang Xuance had been on a fourth diplomatic mission to India.According to the Biography of Xuanzhao,an eminent monk in the Western Region of the Tang Dynasty,written by Yijing,Xuanzhao had been seeking Fa in Tianzhu for many years and was highly regarded by Wang Xuance,an envoy of the Tang Dynasty.Wang Xuance returned to the Tang after the Third Envoys to India and reported Xuanzhao's story to the emperor.He was sent again to Tianzhu in order to recover the man.
Another of Wang's feats is that he brought the manufacturing technology of granulated sugar to China."Tang Hui Yao Za Lu"contains:"Xifan Hu State produced stone honey,China's most expensive,Taizong sent an envoy to Mogado State to take its method,ordered Yangzhou fried sugarcane juice,color and taste more than the Western Regions.
Wang Xuance made immortal contributions to the diplomatic cause of the Tang Dynasty and retained precious historical materials for today's study of the cultural exchanges between China and India in ancient times.After returning from his diplomatic mission to India,Wang Xuance wrote a book entitled"The legal channels Records of China Tianzhu"in 10 volumes,3 volumes and a total of 13 volumes.It is a pity that this masterpiece,as well as the 100-volume book"Records of the West Kingdom"compiled by the government of the Tang Dynasty based on the book and"Records of the Western Regions of the Tang Dynasty",were lost successively after the Song Dynasty.Since then,Wang Xuance's remarkable achievements have been forgotten by history and are rarely known by the world.
Uncover the mysterious veil of plateau ancient road
Before the discovery of the Envoys of TianZhu in the Tang Dynasty,people knew that after the opening of the Fanny Ancient Road,it became an important channel for cultural exchanges between China and the West.Paper and papermaking techniques from the Central Plains were also introduced to Nepal and India through this route.However,the specific direction and exit location of the ancient Tibetan road in the western part of Tubo have been a mystery for a long time.More than one thousand years of history and dust have already"annihilated"the traces of this ancient road.The discovery of the"Inscription of the Tang Dynasty Envoy to TianZhu"confirmed the location of the new international passage"Fanni Ancient Road"out of the mountain pass,reflected the close political relationship between the Tubo and the Tang Dynasty at that time,and also revealed a corner of the mysterious plateau ancient road.
It is not difficult to find that Xuanzang and Wang Xuance were historical figures of the same period through the new and old Tang Shu and History As A Mirror historical books.In the tang dynasty,Wang Xuance and its diplomatic missions over four times"the roof of the world"qinghai-tibet plateau,through the"sweet"gu"in tianzhu,sow the seeds of friendship,civilization and justice,and back to fine sugar manufacturing,promoted the China and south Asian countries the development of politics,economy,culture,diplomacy and communication,strengthen the friendly communication between China and other countries.
Wang Xuance's diplomatic mission to Tianzhu,a historical and cultural heritage,is an important historical scientific research subject and cultural industry development project.Luo Bu Ciren,the director of the industry department of the cultural department of Tibet Autonomous Region,introduced that digging and studying the story of the emperor Xuance of the Tang Dynasty and systematizing the excellent historical and cultural heritage,promoting positive energy and developing products through industrialization are of positive significance to the development of the"One Belt And One Road"cultural industry.Tibet Tibet Tourism Development Co.,Ltd.,a demonstration base of the cultural industry in the autonomous region,and Beijing Film Academy will shoot the documentary"Envoy·Envoy·Mission--Searching for Wang Xuance"based on the story of Wang Xuance,an envoy of the Tang Dynasty who passed through Jilong three times and TianZhu four times more than 1,300 years ago."Through the excavation of historical materials and scientific research and development,we can make history and heritage'alive'and provide support for the historical fact that Tibet has been an inalienable part of China since ancient times and local historical facts."(Kama Doji)