Information Details

Visit the World Heritage Site of the Subashi Buddhist Monastery: Cultural imprints on the ancient Qiuci

Release time:


China News Service Kuqa,Xinjiang,December 12 Topic:Visiting the World Heritage Site of Subashi Buddhist Monastery:The cultural imprint on ancient Qiuci
Author:Geng Dandan Li Zhengqiang
Driving about 20 kilometers from the county seat of Kuqa in Xinjiang's Aksu region,you will find the Subashi Buddhist Temple,the site of a large Buddhist temple surrounded by mountains in the county."Subashi,which means'source of water'in the Uyghur language,was once a thriving Buddhist cultural center in Guqiuci."Local staff member said.
At present,the remaining ruins stand in the mountains,with a sense of mystery,standing silently along the ancient Silk Road.
The ruins of Subashi Buddhist Temple continued to be used from the Wei,Jin,Southern and Northern Dynasties to the Tang Dynasty.It is the largest,most complete and oldest Buddhist architectural complex in the Western Regions.The whole site is divided by a Kuqa river into two Buddhist temple sites:the East Temple and the West Temple.The site covers an area of about 20 hectares and consists of pagodas,temples,caves,halls,monastic houses and other buildings.
In 1996,the Subashi Buddhist Temple Site was announced by the State Council of China as the fourth batch of national key cultural relic protection sites.In June 2014,the site was inscribed on the World Cultural Heritage List under the title"Silk Road:The Road Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor".In early December,the Subashi Buddhist Temple site was announced as a national archaeological site park by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage of China,the only project in Xinjiang to be included in the third batch of national archaeological site parks.
Yin Qiuling,director of the Office of the Cultural Relics Protection Administration of Kuqa County,told reporters that the rescue and reinforcement works of the site have been carried out.Now the successful application of the site as a national archaeological site park will also play a positive role in the local people to walk into the site,understand the site and protect the site.
It is reported that fragments of silk and woolen fabrics,Central Plains copper coins from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty,coins of local governments such as Qiuci,Persian silver coins,colored glaze objects and inscriptions and documents in Chinese and Qiuci languages have also been found in the ruins of the Subashi Buddhist Temple,which also confirmed the cultural and commercial exchanges in ancient Qiuci region along the Silk Road.
In the West Temple open to the outside world for a visit,the reporter saw the most intact pagoda,the pagoda is square,built by adobe and become,the base of 20 meters wide,40 meters long north and south,the base side there is a slope walkway."The shape and structure of the pagoda were influenced by Gandhara Buddhist art,and such pagodas are relatively rare in Xinjiang,"Yin said.
According to introduction,1978,the base of the pagoda of the west temple center still unearthed a Qiuci beauty skeleton,baby bones and other funerary goods.According to Yin Qiuling,the pagoda is usually buried with very important figures,and the woman may have been a member of the royal family at that time,who was credited with the Buddhist temple at that time,and was buried here.
Zhang Xiaoliang,a staff member who has been in charge of the site for more than 10 years,said that although the protection and management of the site has been strengthened,he still has some concerns."Because the site is an earthen building,weathering is inevitable,and there has been a lot of rain in recent years,which has a certain impact on the cultural relics."
Nowadays,besides the archeologists,it is more populated by tourists from all over the world."Summer is the busiest time for tourists,and there are a lot of foreign tourists,"Zhang said.(after)
(Original title:Visit the World Heritage Site of the Subashi Buddhist Monastery:Cultural Imprint on Ancient Kuquci)